SkinCeuticals' Discoloration Defense is clinically proven to reduce the appearance of dark spots and discoloration on the face. Powered by kojic acid, tranexamic acid and vitamin B3, this advanced formula is a hydroquinone-free skin brightening serum.
3% Tranexamic Acid: minimizes the recurrence of discoloration and stubborn brown patches with continued use 1% Kojic Acid: naturally produced by certain fungi, kojic acid helps improve skin brightness 5% Niacinamide (Vitamin B3): a water-soluble vitamin that has been shown to help reduce the appearance of skin discoloration 5% HEPES: a synthetically-derived acid that activates natural enzymes in skin to help break the bonds that bind dead skin cells to the surface for even exfoliation Key Benefits:
Features a synergistic blend of anti-discoloration ingredients to reduce the appearance of skin discoloration, improve brightness, and minimize the reoccurrence of discoloration (with continued use) 60% average improvement in the appearance of stubborn brown patches Paraben-free, fragrance-free, silicone-free, gluten-free, and hydroquinone-free Ideal at-home complement to professional skin discoloration treatments, such as chemical peels or non-ablative laser; always consult with a physician for individual regimen recommendations Clinical Studies:
In a 12-week clinical study*, Discoloration Defense significantly improved the appearance of key skin discoloration markers on Fitzpatrick I-IV skin tones:
60% average improvement in the appearance of stubborn brown patches 59% average improvement in the appearance of skin discoloration 81% average improvement in the appearance of post-acne marks 59% average improvement in the appearance of even skin tone In a 12-week study** on deeper skin tones (Fitzpatrick V-VI), twice-daily application of Discoloration Defense demonstrated a statistically-significant improvement in the appearance of discoloration, post-inflammatory discoloration, and even skin tone:
33% reduction in hyperpigmentation at 12 weeks 34% reduction in post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation at 12 weeks
Aqua/water, Butylene Glycol, Niacinamide, Hydroxyethylpiperazine Ethane, Sulfonic Acid, Glycerin, Tranexamic Acid, Propylene Glyco,l Hydroxyethyl Urea, Kojic Acid, Caprylyl Glycol, Allantoin, Chlorphenesin, Xanthan Gum, Disodium Edta.